Bryars on Cage

In the BBC Radio 4 programme, Archive on 4, John Cage – Composing Controversy, hosted by Gavin Bryars, Gavin interviews a number of people associated with Cage, including Caroline Brown and Christian Wolff. The show also benefits from a number of archive recordings of Cage and the people who knew him. Interviewees include some surprising choices, including the comedian Stewart Lee (who performed Cage’s Indeterminacy), John Paul Jones of Led Zepplin, and Brian Eno. Cage fans will know a lot of the stuff here, but it’s presented so well that it was consistently fascinating.

The online ‘Listen Again’ window for this has passed, unfortunately, but you can see a summary here, and perhaps catch it when it is repeated: .

Westward by Iceberg

The EMC must admit that it doesn’t work on the best experimental music 24/7. Occasionally it watches the odd sporting contest. The other day, whilst watching the US Open, we saw a commercial for Dassault Systemes, a kind of data imaging software company, which proposed to find a way of moving icebergs from the polar regions to areas of the earth that need fresh water, following a theory proposed by the engineer Georges Mougin. You can see a lot on this proposal at: .

iceberg being towed in dassauly systemes simulation

But the Scratch Orchestra got there first, in the concert ‘The Journey of the Isle of Wight Westward by Iceberg to Tokyo Bay’, a research project proposed by Brecht & McDiarmid Research Associates (yes, that George Brecht!) and delivered sonically by the Scratch Orchestra at the Chelsea Town Hall, 15 November 1969. In this realisation, individual SO members researched aspects of the project and performed them simultaneously. You can read about this in John Tilbury’s book, Cornelius Cardew: A Life Unfinished (Matching Tye, Essex: Copula, 2008), p. 391. In Michael Parsons’ article ‘The Scratch Orchestra and Visual Arts’, Leonardo Music Journal, volume 11 (2001), 5–11, Parsons described how Christopher Hobbs ‘tolled a deep bell at regular intervals to warn of the island’s progress’. Frank Regan and Roger Wright provided feedback with a Uher tape recorder, and, writes Tilbury, ‘There was joyous celebration when the equator was crossed’.

Now that Dassault Systemes has caught up with the Scratch Orchestra, they might want to go the whole hog — how are they going to detach the Isle of Wight? Obviously just a technicality: we’ll be looking for garlic festivals and regattas in Tokyo Bay very soon!

Reminder: Dave Smith concert, 7 September, London

Dave sends us a reminder of his giant concert of little (mostly one-minute) pieces:

Dear all,

A reminder of the 1st performance of Dave Smith’s 10th Piano Concert at 6.30
(note starting time) on Friday 7th September at Schotts Recital Room, 48
Great Marlborough Street, London W1F 7BB.

It consists of 75 pieces, each of which lasts about a minute.

Best wishes


Hope to see you there!

A mynah bird in a majah role

The San Franciso Tape Music Center: 1960s Counterculture and the Avant-Garde, ed. David Bernstein (Berkeley: UC Press, 2008) may not have enough about the SF counterculture for some — it is less a history of the movement as a whole than an oral history and collection of memories by the members of the SF Tape Center itself. But as an oral history, it contains some really good anecdotes of the group and period in question. For instance, when we were students, Barney Childs used to regale us with a tale about Ahmed the mynah bird. Pauline Oliveros improvised with a mynah bird called Ahmed, he said, and when Ahmed chose to speak, it was part of the piece. It made me want to go out and buy mynah birds. Instead, I used my pet budgie, Furd the Burd, as a sound source in my first tape piece (I sprinkled budgie seed on a metal baking pan, under which was hidden a mic, and let Furd walk round on it, eating the seed and chirping). But a mynah bird would have been awesome.

The full story is that Pauline Oliveros, a long-time accordionist, found that David Tudor was learning bandoneon (Mauricio Kagel put him onto the instrument), so she began writing a piece for the two of them to play on the Tudorfest, which she put on in 1964. Two things affected Oliveros’ plan: the first was that Laurel Johnson’s mynah bird Ahmed insisted on taking part in their rehearsals. She accommodated Ahmed, turning the accordion and bandoneon duo into Duo for Accordion and Bandoneon with Possible Mynah Bird Obbligato. The second thing was the choreography/staging by Elizabeth Harris. According to Oliveros (in Bernstein, p. 86):

We needed a way to stage this trio. I invited Elizabeth Harris to do the staging. Elizabeth asked, “How would you like to play the piece on a seesaw?” David and I innocently agreed. Elizabeth turned up at 321 Divisidero [the SF Tape Center] with a large, handsome seesaw mounted on a turntable. The seesaw went up and down around and had swivel seats. She placed Ahmed’s cage in a mobile suspended above the centre of the seesaw. I swallowed hard and abandoned the written score that I had composed and decided on improvisational instructions. After experimenting with the possible motions of the seesaw, we needed some choreography. Elizabeth provided the choreographic instructions. Davis and I both had to work very hard to integrate this new element of performance. I had to employ a safety belt to negotiate the swivel chair because of the imbalance of the motion of my accordion bellows. David could centre on the seat with the bandoneon without a safety belt since the bellows were bidirectional. Slowly, we gained some control of the seesaw and began to enjoy it. The motions of the seesaw served to project and spatialize the sound of our instruments in all directions as we flew around on the seesaw and turned in the swivel seats.

Ahmed, plunged into darkness due to Tony Martin’s light show, became uncharacteristically quiet for the premiere. ‘The second night’, said Oliveros, ‘we decided to let Ahmed make the first sound. That strategy worked and the audience was delighted with the mynah bird obbligato! [Bernstein, p. 87]’ The effect of Harris’ staging would have been amazing — and possibly it would be illegal now in terms of health and safety. Stuart Dempster told Thomas M. Welsh in the same book (p. 257) about its capacity for danger, as well as its unique spatial sound qualities:

That was incredible. The seesaw was built by Elizabeth Harris, and presumably designed by her, and it was on a big circle pedestal. It was quite huge. I would saw it was twelve feet across, at least. It was built so that it went up and down like a teeter-totter normally does, but it also would go around in a circle at the same time. So you get these kinds of “ellipticals’. Each seat was also able to turn around on its own. Well, [during] the first rehearsal, Pauline fell off, so they put seat belts on the seats after that. And it was really dramatic. I remember going to the rehearsal and the concert and I sat fairly far down front so the teeter-totter would actually come right over my head, so it was kind of this revolving stereo and then suddenly back-front stereo and up-and-down stereo as well. So it was as close as you could get to what we would now call spherical stereo. I don’t think there was anything like it that I’ve ever run across since.

This is a ‘wow’ factor on many fronts. Harris’ creation is absolutely amazing to read about (does anyone know about her? I can only find her work with these composers and possibly with Pauline Koner?). It would be amazing to experience this piece as an audience member. But no way would it be good to perform! Dempster’s description of the sound reminds me that Henry Brant (a composer who specialised in spatialization) once said that he would put his performers on roller coasters and other fairground rides to get the sound movement, except that the players would get sick. So ‘wow’ to Pauline Oliveros and David Tudor for their bravery in the cause of performance.

But above all, because as an animal, he didn’t have to do it, a big ‘wow’ to Ahmed the mynah bird.

Hobbs Word Pieces 1966–1970

This should be fun. Chris Hobbs, the composer and founder of the Experimental Music Catalogue, has put together a collection of all of his Word Pieces, and is offering them in pdf format through the EMC. And for free.

This collection represents most of Chris Hobbs’ compositions in the years 1966–1970, and all of the ones that he wrote in verbal text notation (also called text or instruction pieces). Most of these pieces were published with pieces by Hugh Shrapnel, Phil Gebbitt, Gavin Bryars, and Robert Ashley, in the popular EMC Verbal Anthology.  Other Word Pieces appeared in the Visual and Scratch Anthologies. But the EMC in those days published music in typescript. But Chris decided to set his entire output from those years in computer fonts.

Chris first wrote One Note 1966 in common musical notation, but its finished version is in text notation. It has the same sparseness as La Monte Young’s early minimalism in its limited pitch and plentiful rests. As such, One Note 1966 is the first ‘minimal’ or static minimalist piece in British music. Other pieces, such as Song 1 and Song 2 — in which the text is presented as graphic, or pictorial, notation — benefit from the greater degree of precision offered by the computer typescript. There are pieces here for instrumental ensembles, for electronics, even those that are more conceptual.

If you like the historical feature of a facsimile document of the original publication, we offer the Verbal Anthology in our EMC Catalogue List. We have been unable as of yet to gain permissions to reproduce the entirety of the Scratch Anthology of Compositions and the Visual Anthology, so this is the only place to get these pieces. One piece, Can you hear me mother?, was written for the small journal Crab Grass, and is published here. One, Now, Karl, play some of your own music, has never been published before.

Chris specifically asked that we offer these pieces in this format for free. What he wants is to have some dialogue about music, and to get these pieces out to those who want to play them. All you have to do is to send us an email to questions** (for the **, substitute @), and we will send you the pdf. I’d also suggest that if you enjoy these pieces, and especially if you decide to play one, get in touch with Chris—chobbs** —and let him know!

Fancy a Schottische?

This is not our usual fare in some ways, but it’s such an alternative approach to music history that it’s right down our alley in others. Doctor David Patterson, our good friend (and the author/editor of a bunch of books and articles on John Cage), is launching a Kickstarter event to record a CD of the music of William Wright, father of Frank Lloyd Wright. Here’s what is promised:

The music of William Carey Wright! Songs, piano pieces, organ pieces! Waltzes, polkas, variations, schottisches, and more! Check out the video for some sample sound bytes!

You may know already that Kickstarter is a site where people do the equivalent of a PBS telethon to get money for projects (they have only thirty days to do so), so it is basically an ad space, but it’s cool in its own rights (or Wrights). David has created a really fun page of explanations and a neat video here: . Wright on, David!

Hobbs in Japan

The Japanese composer-pianist Yuji Takahashi and the mezzo-soprano Mutsumi Hatano will be performing  two pieces by Chris Hobbs in concert: Drei Lieder aus der Struwwelpeter (with slides) 20th July (in Kobe?) and Conspicuous Consumer, 4 Nov, in Tokyo.

Drei Lieder aus der Struwwelpeter (1990) uses the Victorian children’s book of the same name. These ‘merry stories and funny pictures’ offer cautionary tales of children who die in a variety of horrible ways because they have not obeyed their elders. Ha-ha-ha – very merry indeed! Hatano and Takahashi performed this piece in the Salon Tessera, Tokyo on 6 November 2011, using slides from the book (for further horrific merriment!), which they will repeat in Kobe. In the November 2011 concert, Takahashi also played two of Hobbs’ ‘pataphysical piano pieces, ‘apres Schubert’ and ‘apres Scarlatti’ from the collection L’Auteur se Retire (1996).

Conspicuous Consumer (1997) is a setting of yuppie/middle class/aspirational adverts from Gourmet and Sunset magazines. If you’ve wanted your lieder to stop messing with trivia like wandering, water, love, and the like, and get down to important stuff like five-star hotels, Jacuzzis, and pet llamas (with quotations from Mahler and Mozart), well, this is your song cycle. Takahashi and Hatano performed this on 17 June in Kobe. It’s a lovely performance.

For information on all the amazing things Yuji Takahashi has been doing, visit . The concerts need updating, but it’s worth visiting for his scores, writings, and other information.

New Recording/Video of Shrapnel

Daniel Varela sends us news from Buenos Aires of his exciting project to record Hugh Shrapnel’s massive Cantation II (1970), for any number of pianos. Varela has used four piano tracks, The whole recording is a little over 5 hours, with slight variations in time for each part. Can you imagine? 20 hours!

It’s now in mixing and all that good stuff, but Daniel sent us some pictures from the recording sessions. We’re looking forward to more of that Shrapnel-y goodness!

recording piano with scorestudio imagestudio piano